Creation of African American Studies at Emory
The history of African American Studies at Emory reflects the change and growth of the University. In 1968, African American undergraduates called for the creation of a Black Studies Program at Emory. Their demand was part of a nation-wide student struggle to expand the curriculum of higher education in the United States. Emory responded by engaging in a campus-wide discussion of the philosophy and goals of its curriculum and creating the Sub-Committee on Afro-American Studies within the Curriculum Committee. In May 1969, the sub-committee voted unanimously to begin the operation of a quality Afro-American Studies Program.
In September 1971 the Black Studies Program began its first year under the leadership of Delores P. Aldridge, the emeritus Grace Towns Hamilton Professor of Sociology and African American Studies. Emory's program was the first undergraduate degree program in African American Studies in the Southeast. Over the decades, the program shifted to accommodate new intellectual energy. In March 1980, Black Studies expanded to Afro-American Studies and African Studies, offering courses about the African continent as well as the diaspora. In 1984, the name was amended to African American and African Studies. In 1992, the program split into two independent undergraduate programs, African Studies and African American Studies. And in Fall 2003, the Program in African American Studies became the Department of African American Studies, with the power to hire and tenure its own faculty.
Impact of African American Studies
African American Studies at Emory has had an important impact on the intellectual life of the university community. The commitment of the College to the study of African Americans has resulted in the hiring of top core and associated faculty in the departments of History, Music, English, Religion, Sociology, Art History, Anthropology, Political Science, and Women Gender and Sexuality Studies.
Additionally, African American Studies has been central in supporting conferences, lectures and other events that enrich and enliven the campus. The Grace Towns Hamilton Lecture has been hosted annually by the department every spring since 1989. The lecture series honors the life and legacy of Grace Towns Hamilton, a native Atlantan and, in 1966, the first African American woman elected to a state legislature in the Deep South and the first African American to be elected to the Georgia State Legislature since Reconstruction. Speakers have included Ted Shaw, Chief General Counsel of the NAACP Legal Defense and Education Fund; Barbara Chase-Riboud, poet, novelist, sculptor; and Mary Frances Berry, legal scholar and former chairperson of the U.S. Civil Rights Commission.
The Department also sponsors the Keynote Lecture for the annual Martin Luther King, Jr. Week celebration at Emory University. Previous speakers have included civil rights activists, musicians, and historians including Bernice Johnson Reagon, Vincent Harding, Elaine Brown, Andrew Young, Julian Bond, and Melissa Harris-Perry.
African American Studies has co-sponsored, with Women Gender and Sexualities Studies, the annual Race and Gender Lecture each fall since 1996. This lecture series was inaugurated by feminist author and academic bell hooks. Other speakers have included anthropologist Leith Mullings, sociologist Patricia Hill Collins, and legal scholar Kimberlé Crenshaw. And the department co-sponsors the annual Phillis Wheatley Creative Writers Series with the Creative Writing Program. Speakers have included Pulitzer-Prize winning novelist Edward P. Jones and Colson Whitehead, poets Elizabeth Alexander, Nikky Finney, Allison Joseph, and our own Natasha Trethewey, Pulitzer-Prize winner and U.S. Poet Laureate.
Since 2000, when Professor Rudolph Byrd established the Mellon Mays Undergraduate Fellowship Program (MMUF) at Emory, African American Studies has worked closely with MMUF to advance the shared goal of increasing the number of historically underrepresented groups in the academy. (Indeed, even before establishing our own program, African American Studies helped to host the Mellon Mays Summer Institute for UNCF-Mellon affiliated schools.) MMUF offers a two-year fellowship that supports research and general preparation for graduate studies in Mellon-designated fields.
In 2002, African American Studies joined with Special Collections to sponsor Without Sanctuary: Racial Violence in America, an interdisciplinary conference on racial violence that garnered an international audience. In 2005, African American Studies joined with Special Collections, the Music Department and other departments and programs on campus for the conference In Celebration of William Levi Dawson: An Exploration of African American Music and Identity at the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century.